Specializations (MAPP and MPA)

In addition to the mandatory core curriculum, MAPP and MPA students have the opportunity to develop thematic expertise by pursuing one of the following areas of specialization:

The MAIPA and Mundus MAPP programs offer study tracks, please consult the respective pages for more information.

Development
The Development specialization provides students with the tools to analyze the effectiveness of development policies and a strong understanding of evidence-based policy-making. It focuses on development, broadly defined, beyond the traditional confines of economic development. Courses within this track raise a series of fundamental questions: Why is there such a wide disparity of access to basic goods and services for ordinary citizens? Are there different tools for helping us understand poverty and inequality? What are the current debates regarding policy solutions? This specialization provides a nuanced understanding of persistent and emerging issues in the economics, politics, and practice of development in answering these questions. 

To effectively address the complex and multidimensional nature of policy-making, the 
specialization uses quantitative and qualitative tools to examine and address the root causes of poverty and inequality at several levels of analysis: nation states, institutions, households, and individuals. The approach is interdisciplinary, but allows for advanced coursework in political economy, development microeconomics, and macroeconomics. The courses within this specialization cover a wide array of themes as a response to current complex challenges, including state formation, political economy, humanitarian intervention, South-South networks, and policy evaluation. Pedagogically, we aim to develop students’ ability to engage in independent, critical analysis of, and engagement with, development as a sphere of professional practice.

Governance
The Governance specialization focuses on governance within and beyond the nation state, and related changes to the underlying structure of the global political economy. It analyses how problems are solved (or not solved) in contexts in which authority, whether concentrated or dispersed, requires cooperation among multiple independent actors. Students learn how different groups of governmental and non-governmental actors influence policy-making and how regional and global governance penetrates core domains of public policy in national and local settings. This specialization helps students to identify alternative institutional options for cooperative problem-solving and, from a more critical perspective, examines why  intergovernmental solutions advocated over recent decades no longer appear to be working.

Higher Education Policy
The Higher Education Policy specialization focuses on the public policy functions of higher education. It analyzes how these functions are defined and realized (at the national, regional, international, and global levels); who makes higher education policies; what are the motivations for specific policy approaches and initiatives in higher education; what tools are used; and what their impact is. Students learn to analyze situations and problems in higher education policy and to develop solutions and implementation practices, also taking into consideration the connections between higher education policy and policies in other areas of economic and social life.

Social Justice and Human Rights
The specialization welcomes students who intend to develop an overview or more thorough knowledge on equality and social justice issues. It intends to train future professionals of governmental bodies, international organizations, research institutes and civil society organizations to analyze inequality regimes and debates, and to design and evaluate policy interventions in both enabling and more difficult political contexts.
The specialization offers an introduction to a multidisciplinary literature that addresses policy debates, paradigms, and interventions around outstanding issues of inequality, social justice, and human rights in different political, legal and policy environments.
The specialization will help students explore how a variety of policy arenas encounter the problem of inequality and unfairness (e.g. in fiscal and tax policy, labor market regulations, welfare provisions, education, human rights protection, etc.), and also to get insights in explicit equality and human rights driven policies conceived either as sector or problem based (e.g. inclusive education, equitable regional development, work-life balance, rights based international development, etc.) or category based interventions (Roma inclusion, migration and gender equality, etc.). The specialization will also offer specialized knowledge in distinctive equality issues in which faculty members of the specialization conduct research including for example the role of courts in human rights regimes, gender based violence, politics of Roma inclusion in Europe, labor market and migration nexus, anti-poverty development, and regional inequalities and demographic challenges.

Quantitative Policy Analysis (starting 2021/22 academic year)
Policymakers have increasingly turned to rely on statistical evidence for evaluating programs. The QPA specialization provides policy analysts and practitioners with data and analytics expertise to meet the demand for evidence-based policymaking. You will learn to extend your skill set in quantitative analysis of policy, including data science methods, applied econometrics, causal inference methods, and survey research. The courses in the specialization are curated to prepare students to become both consumers and producers of quantitative policy research.